Reference materials

- Documentary, 8 episodes 

The Mongolian Route

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It is one of the best documentaries made in Korea in 2001 about human Migration, especially MONGOLIAN, from Africa to the whole world.

We would like to highly recommend this part 3_ [The Portrait of the earth] to those who want to know about ethnic minorities in America. Through this documentary, You can check the way which aborigine in America migration, tough history and life with numerous evidences and scholars' interview.

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​▶The chief of Alaska Venetie

 [Venetie, Yukon–Koyukuk Census Area, Alaska, United States]

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​▶The tombstone of The Chief Joseph 

The Joseph Chief (Joseph Chief) [1840.3.3. ~ 1904.9.21]

He fought against the Americans to protect his people and tried to flee to Canada with his group. But it failed in front of the US border.

​▶The Removal Act of USA in 1830

; To migrate Indian from East America to West America.\

Caused by a gold rush

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​▶The Cliff of Omak, In Washington state

CURRENT STATUS OF ASIAN MINORITIES

※According to the UNESCO report, a language, using by less than 10,000 people, every two weeks are disappearing.

(Cultural diversity & Intercultural dialogue, 2009, France)

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***About Ainu in Japan

(April. 2019 CNN)

The Japanese government first recognized the Ainu people,

a minority group in northern Hokkaido, as 'indigenous'

in 600 years. 

Ethnic minorities of Ainu in Hokkaido, Japan (1904)/Photos = Wikipedia

***In Vietnam

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While 95% of Vietnamese children are receiving primary education,

20% of Vietnamese minority children are not receiving primary education.

- (UNICEF data for 2018)

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Northern Vietnam Minority 

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 (Primitive labor scene) 

Vietnamese "Sapa" ethnic minorities

    moving by motorcycle

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"Ainu" Ethnic Folk Village

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March, 2008

Exhibition of 70 exhibits

of Japanese Ainu minority relics held

at Yeungnam University Museum in Korea

However, the Japanese government has not apologized for the systematic discrimination

and persecution of the Ainu for hundreds of years.

***in China

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***in Myanmar

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Embroidery of Thai minority "Hmong"

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Myanmar ethnic minority "Karen" refugees Wan Yi-hwa's family appeared

in the KBS family program.

Dolls of Myanmar ethnic minorities

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***in Central Asia

The 4th generation "Kareiski" ethnic minority group of Central Asia who forget Korean language. 

(Chunnam Daily in November 2018)

The Power of America: Diversity, Coexistence, and Mutual Respect

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***in America